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The pros and cons of animal research will always be controversial. Testing animals to see if a product is safe may be better than testing humans first, but that also means the life of an animal is devalued. On the other hand, more animals are butchered for food every year than are used in animal experimentation, so the ethics of life value are. Animal experimentation has made a crucial contribution to many of the most important advances in modern medicine. The development of vaccines for deadly viruses like rabies and yellow fever depended upon animal research, and much of our basic knowledge about human health and physiology was discovered through the use of animals as well. Inspite of these gains, animal rights activists have been 1/5(1). The use of animals in scientific research has been a controversial issue for well over a hundred years. The basic problem can be stated quite simply: Research with animals has saved human lives, lessened human suffering, and advanced scientific understanding, yet that same research can cause pain and distress for the animals involved and usually results in their death. In , 2 million animals were used for research purposes Included in this are 2 million animals used in animal testing and , used for organ extraction The number of animals needed for research purposes corresponds to 0 35% of all mil-lion animals used in Germany – this small percentage is essential for gain-.
Simple Summary. This article reviews the use of non-human animals in biomedical research from a historical viewpoint, providing an insight into the most relevant social and moral issues on this topic across time, as well as to how the current paradigm for ethically and publically acceptable use of animals in biomedicine has been by: Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research. The approximately million people in the United States keep about million dogs and cats as pets. More than 5 billion animals are killed in the United States each year as a source of food. Animals are used for. OTA Project Staff Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education Roger C. Herdman,Assistant Director, OTA Health and Life Sciences Division Gretchen S. Kolsrud,Biological Applications Program Manager Gary B. Ellis, Project Directorand Analyst Judy K. Kosovich, Principal Analyst Lisa J. Raines, Legal Analyst Timothy J. Hart, ProjectDirector l. Why Animal Experimentation Matters: The Use of Animals in Medical Research This thought-provoking book comes out of the Social Philosophy and Policy Foundation, an Author: Judith K. Blackshaw.
With an estimated million animals used in laboratories annually in the United States, public interest in animal welfare has sparked an often emotional debate over such uses of animals. Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires to. Ray Greek, president of Americans for Medical Advancement, a group that seeks to restrict the use of animals in medical research, is among those questioning the efficacy of animal models. See, for example, “Animals in Research” by the Council of Scientific Affairs, American Medical Society, pp. in Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. (June 23/30, ), and The Use of Animals in Biomedical Research and Testing by the Foundation for Biomedical Research (Washington, D.C.: Foundation for Biomedical. "Why Animal Experimentation Matters" invites a wide audience to learn about animal research. Although it is a scholarly treatise on the use of animals for biomedical purposes, it is written in a manner that enables those unfamiliar with science and ethics to appreciate the issue.3/5.